It seems that the plant life on Antarctica is blooming under the influence of the climate change, according to scientists.
Evidence was found to suggest that, despite very few plants living on the continent itself, there has been a significant biological activity in the last 50 years. Scientists from the University of Exeter have been studying moss bank cores from Antarctica to get some answers about the actual bio changes that are happening.
Five bank cores from three sites, covering an area of 400 miles, have been tested and it has been found that there has been a dramatic bio change on the Antarctic.
According to the research team, the rise of the global temperature over the last 50 years has been the main ‘culprit’ of the fascinating effect we are seeing with the moss from that region. Dr Matt Amesbury from the University of Exeter highlights that if the temperature rise persists along with the ice melting, the Antarctic may face a green future.
Although weather records officially started in the 1950s, which is not that long ago, moss bank cores can be a fertile study ground for climate change that has a much wider time frame, thanks to the biological data that can be extracted.
By analyzing the collected data that stretches for 150 years, there is evidence of important ‘’change points’’ after which there was a clear indication of an increase in bioactivity. This is something that has evidently happened in the last 50 years and will continue to happen in the future.
All of the analyzed evidence suggests that the global warming has a strong impact on ecosystems which alter rapidly under those conditions, which consequently leads to huge biological and landscaping changes. This seems to be true even if the future warming is to be moderate, which is not likely.
The researchers of this study have conducted and published another study back in 2013, which focused on only one site. This new research validates their previous findings and confirms that they can be applied to a lot wider area.
The goal for future research is to examine cores that date back thousands of years in order to determine exactly how big of an impact has human activity had on the global climate change.