Scientists have reported that they have discovered a new creature known as Graecopithecus freyberg could be the oldest human ancestor ever found.
The fossilized remains that they have found are a lower jawbone found in Athens in 1944 and an isolated tooth unearthed central Bulgaria in 2009. The researchers think that this discovery could potentially be a proof that homini did not originate in Africa, but rather settled there afterward.
The age of the fossilized remains has been established by dating the rock in which the remains were found. The most important characteristic that was found was definitely the dental root that has human characteristics and did not fit into the chimp profile or their ancestors. This proved that Graecopithecus is of human lineage which is known as Hominins.
There has been a long time standing consensus within the scientific community that hominins originated in Africa. However, these fossil remains may prove that the human lineage actually began in the eastern Mediterranean.
Scientists are very adamant in highlighting that this does not mean that Homo Sapiens, our species, did not in fact first appeared in Africa 200,000 years ago. Quite the contrary, our species did actually evolve in Africa but our human lineage maybe did not.
Homo sapiens are just the latest species in the long hominin line that originated with a species that very much resembled an ape. After the ‘original’ species, there came a line of other species that took on more and more human traits over time.
David Begun, a paleoanthropologist at the University of Toronto says that the possibility that our hominin lineage originated outside of Africa is completely plausible, regardless if the Homo Sapiens did arise in Africa.
By understanding that very many mammal species of Africa, did not actually originate there but in Eurasia but later dispersed across Africa right at the time when Graecopithecus lived, it is clear that this species also could have done the same.
This species still remains largely a mystery considering that scientists only have a jawbone and a tooth to work with. They do know that it was small, the size of a female chimpanzee, and lived in areas that resembled today’s African savannas.